Unit-Linked Investment Plans (ULIPs) are one of the most selling insurance products in our country. Most of us know that it offers life cover along with an investment-cum-savings plan with healthy returns. That is why this is considered as an excellent long-term investment instrument. ULIPs are offered by various insurance companies. These plans come with several types of small charges. The charges are to be evenly distributed through the lock-in term. If you are planning to invest in ULIP, you must know about these charges.
Here’s a look at the major charges:
When the ULIP policy is issued, there are various tasks the insurer undertakes, such as underwriting the policy, medical tests, commission charges, etc. All these payments are one-time and need to be made in the first year. The insurer deducts them from the first-year premium.
These charges are towards the servicing and maintenance of your policy such as, cost of paperwork, workforce, and other similar expenses. They are deducted on a monthly basis.
Mortality expenses are charged towards providing you a life cover. These expenses vary with age and are deducted on a monthly basis.
Depending on the funds chosen by investors, a portion of ULIP premium is invested in various equity funds, debt funds or a mix of both. The fund management charge is for managing these investments in order to offer investors potentially higher returns.
Investors are allowed to change the fund where their premium is invested a couple of times every year without a charge. Post the free-limit exhausts, every switch attracts a charge as per the terms and conditions.
If the ULIP plan is surrendered prematurely before the lock-in period, a discontinuance charge is levied. This is charged as a percentage of the fund value or as a percentage of the premium.
Investors have an option to prematurely withdraw money from the ULIP plan after the first 3 years. However, early withdrawal attracts some penalties.
Riders provide an additional protection cover over the base life cover. Rider charges are deducted from your premium.
Insurers levy premium redirection charges if you redirect your future premiums to other less risky fund options, without changing the existing fund structure.
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